First, the biological characteristics of gardenia Gardenia is a member of the arthropod door, Arachnida, Aphididae, Cinnabaridae. Male and female mating fertilization period, embryonic development period, about 110 days of time in the form of Tsai dumplings; pups 6 times after the fur is long Chengyu; food is mainly soft and juicy insects: temperature and humidity Positive tropism, negative tropism for strong light, sound and vibration; the maximum viability temperature of various enzymes in the body is 35°C 40°C.
According to the negative tendencies of the scorpion on the light, the scorpion is cultivated in a dark environment for a long time. The thick food, mating, and breeding of the scorpion will gradually eliminate the influence of circadian rhythm. According to the positive tendency of the scorpion to temperature, the scorpion It grows in a relatively constant temperature environment. After several generations of adaptation, the growth period of the scorpion has evolved from the original three years to 8 to 10 months. That is to say, adopting a constant temperature to change the behavior of the scorpion is a shortcut to increase output efficiency.
Second, the construction of breeding facilities The use of bungalows, tile houses, straw houses can be built closed greenhouses, but the internal insulation measures are better, even in the cold winter, but also at any time to control the temperature at about 35 °C.
Use stick or nail method, use 1m1.5m2cm foam board insulation to seal the surrounding walls and top. Close it again with plastic cloth, leaving necessary light transmission windows and ventilation holes to ensure fresh air.
In order to save construction investment, the rearing tank can be made of wood or cement prefabricated panels. In order to make the best use of space and maximize production, a four- to six-story tank can be built according to the height of the greenhouse. Its standard length is 80~100cm, width is 60cm, height is 20cm, and the interior is sealed with plastic cloth or glass. (If it is the bottom of the wooden pool should be closed to prevent corrosion), to prevent escape. The gap between the lowest floor and the ground shall be 10-15cm. The gap between the upper pool and the lower pool shall be 25cm. The pool may be continuously combined with the pool, or may be combined in parallel. For the convenience of operation and management, the middle pedestrian path shall not be less than 80cm.
There are many methods of heating, which can be adapted to local conditions. The best conditions for installing the heating are. When the outdoor temperature is -10°C in winter, it must have the capacity of burning 0.4kg per cubic meter of space in 24 hours to enable the temperature to reach about 35°C.
Third, the preparation of bred soil Preparation of bred soil should be conducive to the normal development of the principle of wolfberry fruit, porosity is better, the 50% fine sand, 30% clay, 20% of ash mixing. The ash has a bactericidal effect and plays a significant role in inhibiting microorganisms such as fleas. The mixed cultivating soil is placed under the sun exposure, and when used, it is shaken and disinfected with a 0.3% to 0.5% potassium permanganate aqueous solution, and the humidity is preferably 16% and 20%.
Fourth, the introduction and breeding of pheasant species introduction pods, the best choice for puerperal production. That is, from the abdomen, there can be seen the formation of embryos with rice grains, and some can even see the pattern of the back. It is better to introduce females that have a maternity period of about 20 days. Not only can they improve the output, but they can also observe the amount and strength of their mothers. At present, some people use wild rice dumplings as a seed for the purpose of frying seeds. Most wild quails live in late May to early July. If farmers cannot identify the merits of fleas, they can avoid this time and choose to introduce them in spring or autumn. They are required to only refer to calving, so as to avoid losses.
Aberdeen has a strong odor dependence on mother-in-law. She cannot leave her mother's back to survive. In order to increase the survival rate of her beak, one can produce a single bottle. Bottles can be used to produce canned bottles. The bottom is equipped with 23cm sand, humidity and humidity are appropriate. According to the situation, the bottle is put into the litter bottle 7 to 10 days before the calving. Each bottle contains 1 to 2 bottles. Ten mealworms were injected and no water supply facilities were used in the bottle. At this time, the optimal indoor temperature was required to be 34°C 37°C. After the mother has given birth, the baby will be placed on the same day to make a birth record. After 8 days, the baby will be brown and off the mother's back.
After the separation, the female parent is to be reared in a centralized manner. After 20 days of convalescence, polyculture is conducted at a ratio of 7 males and 3 males. This not only restores the female's physical fitness, but also has a high fertility rate after mating, which has a greater benefit for the next litter. .
The 5th and 2nd-instar larvae are intensively reared and a plastic box with a diameter of 30-40cm is prepared. The bottom does not need padding to raise the soil. The terracotta-specific nesting terrarium is placed in the center, and the wattles are automatically placed in the tile, and then the wadding is placed. The mother's segregated pups are poured into pots, and each pot has a maximum density of 1,000 eggs.
The feeding time was set in the evening, and the second instar larva of Tenebrio molitor was the main food. The larvae who leave the mother’s diet have a large amount of food. They eat 1 mealworm of the 2nd instar every 2 days. When feeding the food, the worms are sprinkled on the tile evenly, and the number of feedings per day is the third of the density of the lice. In order to achieve the slightest surplus on the second day, drinking water with 5cm square sponge, inhalation of clean water can be placed on the perch tile, cleaned once every 2 days.
After entering the 2nd instar period from the 2nd time, Aberdeen will quickly enter the 3rd instar pupa when the food supply is adequate and the temperature and humidity are appropriate. Biological additives were mixed for 23 to 26 days.
Sixth, three years of age to adult management
1. The layout of the nest is first covered with a 5cm thick feeder soil in the rearing tank, and a dedicated perch is placed on the mattress. It should be noted that the humidity in the tile is the key to the growth and development of the dumplings, and the low-humidity larvae are not under the skin and the lice are too high. In the process of ventilation, there will be thirst of lungs and oxygen will be hindered by the outside world, causing the death of the scorpions due to acute suffocation.
Because of the competition for food, spouse, nest, or field between different individuals, attacks (killing) are often carried out. In artificial breeding, first of all, it is necessary to ensure the even distribution of scorpions in their habitats and rational distribution of feeding sites; When it is large, the method of increasing the number of nests can be used to lure excess members out of the room to make it necessary space for growth so as to prevent attacks.
2. The young larvae were released from the rearing pots 3 to 5 days before the second pupa, according to the date of birth of the inner larvae of the larvae, and 1,000 larvae per square meter were used. Whether or not the breeding process needs to be used to change the sub-pool times depends on the degree of filling. It is mainly due to the fact that the growth conditions of the young cubs do not meet the requirements, and the period of molting will be prolonged. The observing method is: The interstitial membrane widens and the ability to move decreases. At this time, the cubs are about to be molted, and they can be taken out for feeding him.
If the water infiltrated by the automatic moisture supply device installed in the center of the scorpion's inhabitation hole does not meet the moisture requirement of the cultivating soil, a small amount of water can be used to humidify it with a sponge or the like. Humidity in the outside environment cannot meet the requirements. This is also the reason why many peasants have seen prolonged periods of incarceration or insults or deaths. However, do not over-wet, avoid long-term moisture and other microorganisms.
3. Qingchi changed nest and Chengyu produced 3rd to 6th-age pups. Under the above conditions, the special feed additive can be applied for about 40 days. After the 4th instar filling stage or the basic molting into the 5th instar stage, the disinfection of the clear pool may be performed twice. The specific operation process: first remove the tile pieces, and clean the pups with a brush or tweezers in the plastic basin. Due to the different growth and development of the young larvae, different ages can be separated. After several pools are pooled, the animals are bred in the same age group, and the cleared cavities are sterilized and dried with 0.3% potassium permanganate solution. The bred feeder soil was added with fresh terrarium after exposure to sunlight, and then mixed with 0.3% potassium permanganate aqueous solution. In addition, the nests and breeding should be more prepared in order to clear the pool for timely replacement.
After the larvae have entered the 7th instar, they should not be taken out immediately after they grow into pods, and they should also increase their fattening period by 20 to 30 days in order to increase their weight. When it is sold as a commodity, it should be selected for fast growth, large individuals, and indestructible disease. Energetic rice dumplings are used as the next generation seed source in proportions of 2 females and 1 male. Under normal circumstances, the entire growth and development period of the male raccoon is about 20 days shorter than that of the female locust. In order to give birth to the new generation, the proportion of males can be increased appropriately.

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